Nataliya Kablak, Jolana Golik, Iryna Kutsyna, Nadia Kis, Yevgeniy Vodovozov, Oleksii Palant


The problem of modeling public services based on architectural and planning decisions is considered, the role of traffic in the formation of a model of city services is analyzed. An integrated criterion for the quality of public services is proposed. A method has been developed for determining segmented public services taking into account the transport areas of the city, which will make it possible to evenly disperse public service centers. The basis is a socio-planning organization, as a material-spatial system containing anthropogenic and natural components – the territory and institutions where the functional processes that take place in the urban planning environment take place. The described model has certain versatility, and is simultaneously suitable for characterizing various categories of service institutions. Thus, the task of optimizing the quality of public services in the city is reduced to a mathematical model for which, by setting the basic design criteria, the optimal result can be obtained.

On the basis of a questionnaire survey and analysis of statistical data, calculation of traffic intensity, the demand and supply of the level of public services фre studied. The structural elements of this model: population, territory, transport and service institutions, are in dialectical interaction, which is described by the mathematical model in this study. The model is based on the calculation of the minimum population in the service area, which allows to have i-th type establishments using the social potential method, as well as a graph-analytical method in determining the optimal location of service institutions in the city.

As a result of the research, a conceptual model of public services for cities is built, a layout of supermarkets in the territory of Uzhhorod and distribution of service areas of these institutions is proposed. This optimization will ensure uniform domestic servicing of the territory, optimal performance indicators of service establishments and minimum average service radii of points.


public services; model of public services; community services; criteria for service conditions

Full Text:



Domin, M. M., Mishchenko, O. D. (2010). Pervynnyi element sotsialno-planuvalnoi struktury krupnoho mista – mikroraion. Mistobuduvannia ta terytorialne planuvannia, 37, 138–139.

Synhaivska, O. I., Orel, A. A. (2011). Sotsialno-planuvalni aspekty proektuvannia, rekonstruktsiyi ta blahoustroiu selbyshchnykh terytoriy. Mistobuduvannia ta terytorialne planuvannia, 40, 328–339.

Holyk, Y. M., Kis, N. Yu. (2012). Evoliutsiya planuvalnoi struktury mista. Mistobuduvannia ta terytorialne planuvannia, 46, 160–164.

Kis, N. Yu. (2012). Rozrobka metodiv orhanizatsiyi systemy obsluhovuvannia serednoho mista. Mistobuduvannia ta terytorialne planuvannia, 43, 134–138.

Osetrin, N. N., Bespalov, D. O., Hagen, A. S., Kutsyna, I. A. (2018). Research of mobility of the city population on the example of Uzhgorod city. Mistobuduvannia ta terytorialne planuvannia, 68, 409–419.

Kutsyna, I. A. (2018). The role of functional-planning structure in the formation of the pedestrian-communication framework of the city. Mistobuduvannia ta terytorialne planuvannia, 66, 354–359.

Kablak, N., Nychvyd, M., Moish-Shiman, P., Gurchumelia, U. (2018). To the question of territorial planning of the transboundary territory of Ukraine-Romania. Mistobuduvannia ta terytorialne planuvannia, 67, 584–590.

Apel, M. (2004). Simulation of pedestrian Flows based on the Social Force Model Using the Verlet Link Cell Algorithm. Poznan University of Technology, 79.

Mehran, R., Oyama, A., Shah, M. (2009). Abnormal crowd behavior detection using social force model. 2009 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. doi:

Wąs, J., Gudowski, B., Matuszyk, P. J. (2006). Social Distances Model of Pedestrian Dynamics. Cellular Automata, 492–501. doi:

Büttner, T., Schwager, R., Stegarescu, D. Agglomeration, Population Size, and the Cost of Providing Public Services: An Empirical Analysis for German States. Discussion Paper No. 04-18. Available at:

Frère, Q., Hammadou, H., Paty, S. (2011). The range of local public services and population size: Is there a “zoo effect” in French jurisdictions? Dans Recherches économiques de Louvain, 77, 87–104. doi:

Álvarez-Ayuso, I. C., Condeço-Melhorado, A. M., Gutiérrez, J., Zofío, J. L. (2014). Integrating Network Analysis with the Production Function Approach to Study the Spillover Effects of Transport Infrastructure. Regional Studies, 50 (6), 996–1015. doi:

Crainic, T. G., Ricciardi, N., Storchi, G. (2009). Models for Evaluating and Planning City Logistics Systems. Transportation Science, 43 (4), 432–454. doi:

Brilon, W., Hartmann, D. (2004). Fortentwicklung und Bereitstellung eines bundeseinheitlichen Simulationsmodells für Bundesautobahnen. Research project FE01/157/2001/IRB for the Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen (Federal Highway Research Institute, Germany), in cooperation with the Ruhr-University Bochum.

Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau- und Wohnungswesen (BMVBW). (2004). Neubau von Bundesautobahnen.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Nataliya Kablak, Jolana Golik, Iryna Kutsyna, Nadia Kis

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2461-4262 (Online), ISSN 2461-4254 (Print)