Stepan Vadzyuk, Roman Shmatа, Nataliia Ulianytska


The article deals with the features of electromyographic indicators of the soleus muscles while maintaining a upright position in people with increased vestibular sensitivity. From the literature, it is concluded that the study of electromyographic features of indicators in the conditions of irritation of the vestibular analyzer in people with different vestibular sensitivity is an important area in physiology. Vestibular sensitivity was determined by the questionnaire, Voyachek's sample and Fukuda's written test. To assess the electromyographic activity of the soleus muscles, a computer DX complex was used for registration of interference electromyography. Registration was carried out during performing Romberg test, before and after vestibular loading. According to the results of the vestibular irritation, there was a greater decrease in the amplitude of the flap muscles of the lower extremities in persons with the increased vestibular sensitivity than in people with the adequate sensitivity. Based on the results achieved, it can be assumed, that in people with the increased sensitivity of the vestibular analyzer, the irritation of the receptors of the semicircular canals alters the activity of extensor motoneurons of the human spinal cord more significantly than in persons with the adequate sensitivity.


muscle soleus; increased vestibular sensitivity; Romberg test; vestibular analyzer; rotational test

Full Text:



Trinus, K., Claussen, C.-F. (2017). International Clinical Protocol on Vestibular Disorders (Dizziness). The International Tinnitus Journal, 21 (2). doi: https://doi.org/10.5935/0946-5448.20170029

Carini, F., Mazzola, M., Fici, C., Palmeri, S., Messina, M., Damiani, P., Tomasello, G. (2017). Posture and posturology, anatomical and physiological profiles: overview and current state of art. Acta bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis, 88 (1), 11–16.

Dakin, C. J., Héroux, M. E., Luu, B. L., Inglis, J. T., Blouin, J.-S. (2016). Vestibular contribution to balance control in the medial gastrocnemius and soleus. Journal of Neurophysiology, 115 (3), 1289–1297. doi: https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.00512.2015

Pomeshchikova, I., Iermakov, S., Bartik, P., Shevchenko, O., Nosko, M., Yermakova, T., Nosko, Y. (2016). Influence of exercises and games with ball on vestibular stability of students with muscular-skeletal apparatus disorders. Sport Science, 9, 75–83.

Nazarenko, A. S., Chinkin, A. S. (2011). Сardiovascular response to vestibular stimulation to cyclic, situational and stereotypical complex coordination kinds of sports. Central European Journal of Sport Sciences and Medicine, 5 (1), 47–52.

Asseman, F. B., Caron, O., Crémieux, J. (2008). Are there specific conditions for which expertise in gymnastics could have an effect on postural control and performance? Gait & Posture, 27 (1), 76–81. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2007.01.004

Horak, F. B. (2006). Postural orientation and equilibrium: what do we need to know about neural control of balance to prevent falls? Age and Ageing, 35 (suppl_2), ii7–ii11. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afl077

Ionov, I. A., Komisova, T. Ye., Sliusariev, V. F., Shapovalov, S. O. (2016). Fiziolohiya sensornykh system: metodychni rekomendatsiyi. Kharkiv: ChP Petrov V.V., 45.

Trinus, K. F. (2015). Koreliatsiya zapamorochen z arterialnoiu hipertenzieiu. Mizhnarodnyi nevrolohichnyi zhurnal, 4 (74), 13–19.

Steele, C. (Ed.) (2012). Applications of EMG in Clinical and Sports Medicine. InTech. doi: https://doi.org/10.5772/2349

Nazarenko, A. S., Chinkin, A. S. (2011). Cardiovascular, motor, and sensory responses to vestibular stimulation in athletes of different specializations. Human Physiology, 37 (6), 726–732. doi: https://doi.org/10.1134/s0362119711050161

Glantz, S. (2012). Primer of biostatistics. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical.

Vovkanych, L., Vynohradskyi, B., Koval, I., Kovtul, O. (2014). Zalezhnist amplitudno-chastotnykh parametriv elektromiohramy vid syly skorochennia miaziv luchnykiv pid chas vykonannia imitatsiynykh vprav. Fizychna aktyvnist, zdorovia i sport, 1 (15), 19–27.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21303/2504-5695.2020.001191


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Stepan Vadzyuk, Roman Shmatа, Nataliia Ulianytska

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2504-5695 (Online), ISSN 2504-5687 (Print)