Mykola Kukhtyn, Oleksandra Berhilevych, Khrystyna Kravcheniuk, Oksana Shynkaruk, Yulia Horyuk, Nazariy Semaniuk


The aim of the research was to study the features of formation of dairy equipment microflora, the ability of microorganisms to form biofilms on the noncorrosive steel surface with the different roughness and to determine the effectiveness of disinfectants. It was established, that bacteria of Bacillus, Lactobacillus genera of Enterobacteriaceae family are most often extracted from the dairy equipment after the sanitary processing by modern disinfectors, in less number of cases – staphylococci, enterococci, streptococci and pseudomonades. Extracted bacteria form mainly biofilms of the high and middle density. In 100 % of cases biofilms of the high density were formed by Bacillus spp. and Enterococcus faecalis bacteria. It indicates the fact that at the disinfection of the dairy equipment, only stable bacteria that have the ability to produce a biofilm of the high density, remain on its surface.

It was established, that the dairy equipment surface relief, namely roughness, has an influence on the process of biofilm formation in Escherichia coli. On the noncorrosive steel surface with the roughness 0,16±0,065 mcm Escherichia coli form biofilms of the lower density comparing with the surface with the density 0,63–0,072 mcm during 24 hours at the temperature 17 °С.

It was established, that working solutions of disinfectants P3-ansep CIP, Eco chlor, Medicarine and Maxidez were more effective as to plankton bacteria. Microorganisms, formed in biofilms, turned out stable to these disinfectants. Most effective disinfectant for the influence on bacteria on biofilms is Р3-oxonia active – 150. So, the obtained data indicate that for the effective sanitary processing of the dairy equipment it is necessary to use disinfectants that influence bacteria in biofilms. 


microflora of dairy equipment; biofilm formation; sanitary processing; effectiveness of disinfectants

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