MONITORING THE CONTENT OF NITRATES IN VEGETABLES AND THE INFLUENCE OF THE PICKLING TECHNOLOGY ON THE DENITRIFICATION PROCESS

Mykola Kukhtyn, Yulia Horiuk, Tetiana Yaroshenko, Svitlana Laiter-Moskaliuk, Viktoria Levytska, Antonina Reshetnyk

Abstract


The aim of the work was to determine the concentration of nitrites in vegetable products (tomatoes, cucumbers, white cabbage, table beet, carrot, potatoes, onion and green onion, lettuce, spinach and parsley), realized at markets of the cities Ternopil, Kamianets-Podilskyi and Chernivtsi (Ukraine), to separate the distribution of nitrates in vegetables and also to study the influence of lactic microflora on the nitrate content at pickling tomatoes. It was established, that vegetables with the maximum exceed of maximum permissible concentration (MPC) by the nitrate content up to 1,6 times for products of closed soil are realized at markets. For open soil MPC exceed was in average 2,1 times. It was revealed, that most realized samples of tomatoes and leaf salad vegetables have the over-normative exceed of nitrates up to 35 %, and onion – the least one – 20 %. It was established, that nitrates accumulate in different parts of a fruit. In cucumbers, carrot, potato and table beet, the least quantity of nitrates accumulate in the external part of vegetables (near the surface), and the most one – in the central part. At the same time in cabbage and tomatoes, on the contrary, the least quantity – in the central part, the most one – in the area near the base of vegetables (stump). It was established, that at pickling tomatoes with the nitrate content within MPC lactic fermentation takes place with the intensive growth of titrated acidity, the decrease of the nitrate content takes place at this process. Under conditions of pickling tomatoes with the nitrate content two times more than MPC, the pickling process is a bit decelerated, but the nitrate content decreases to the safe level in a finished product. It was established, that vegetables with the nitrates quantity within 1500 mg/kg and more cannot be used in the pickling technology because of the bacteriological influence of nitrates on lactic microflora. Vegetables with such nitrate content must be obligatory condemned. 


Keywords


nitrates content; vegetable products; pickling technology; denitrification; lactic microflora

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21303/2504-5695.2018.00528

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Copyright (c) 2018 Mykola Kukhtyn, Yulia Horiuk, Tetiana Yaroshenko, Svitlana Laiter-Moskaliuk, Viktoria Levytska, Antonina Reshetnyk

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