Robert Ciborowski


‘Creative destruction’ is one of the most important analytical tools, taking into consideration both the economic and sociological characteristics of capitalist society. According to Schumpeter, in the long term, evolution gives rise to economic develo-pment resulting from batches of innovative solutions, leading to improvements in the standard of living.
The innovation activity of firms is based on supply-side factors, hence it is large en-terprises that excel in innovation since they strive to achieve a monopoly market posi-tion and above-average profits.
Schumpeter attempts to combine two elements: the spread of monopolies and the con-tinuation of economic development, both occurring through innovation, which is far more important than price competition. The Schumpeterian ‘creative destruction’ permeates the main aspects of macroeconomic activity, not only in the long term, but also in the area of economic fluctuations, structural changes, or the functioning of markets. As a result, it becomes a factor determining changes in the economic order.


innovation; creative destruction; Schumpeter

Full Text:



Fagerberg, J. (1988). International Competitiveness. The Economic Journal, 98(391), 355. doi:10.2307/2233372

Mueller, K. (1999). Perspective of Market Based Stimulation of Technology Transfer in the Transitive Economies of Middle Europe. Industry as a Stimulator of Technology Transfer, Warszawa, Białystok.

Rosegger, G. (1986). The Economics of Production and Innovation. An Industrial Perspective. Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Rosenberg, N. (1983). Inside the black box. doi:10.1017/cbo9780511611940

Rosenberg, H., Schumpeter, J. (1940). Business Cycles: A Theoretical, Historical, and Statistical Analysis of the Capitalist Process. The American Historical Review, 46(1), 96. doi:10.2307/1839798

Andersen, E. S., Dahl, M. S., Lundvall, B. A., Reichstein, T., (2006). Schumpeter’s process of creative destruction and the Scandinavian systems: a tale of two effects. Papers for the DRUID conference, 25.

Freeman, C., Louçã, F. (2002). As Time Goes By. doi:10.1093/0199251053.001.0001

Freeman, C., Soete, L. (1973). The Economics of Industrial Innovation. London: Penguin Books, 484

Solow, R. M. (1957). Technical Change and the Aggregate Production Function. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 39(3), 312. doi:10.2307/1926047

Kundera, E. (1996). Doktryna socjalistów z katedry. Uniwersytet Wrocławski.

Gordon, R. J. (2000). Does the “New Economy” Measure up to the Great Inventions of the Past? Journal of Economic Perspectives, 14(4), 49–74. doi:10.1257/jep.14.4.49

Kirzner, I. (1979). Perception, Opportunity and Profit: Study in the Theory of Entrepreneurship. University of Chicago.

Rogers, E. (1962). Diffusion of innovations. Glencoe: Free Press, 453

Kuznets, S. (1930). Secular Movements in Production and Prices. Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 536.

Łukaszewicz, A. (2001). Nauka, innowacje, technologia XX wieku. Refleksje społeczno-ekonomiczne. Ekonomia, 1.

Lundvall, B. A. (1992). National Systems of Innovation: Towards a Theory of Innovation and Interactive Learning. London, Pinter Publishing, 317.

Marks, K., Engels, F. (2007). Manifest Partii komunistyczny. Warszawa, 21.

Schumpeter, J. A. (1995). Kapitalizm, socjalizm, demokracja. Warszawa, PWN.

Mikosik, S. (1993). Teoria rozwoju gospodarczego J. A. Schumpetera. Warszawa, PWN.

Schumpeter, J. A. (1960). Teoria rozwoju gospdoarczego. Warszawa, PWN.

Reinert, H., Reinert, E. S. (n.d.). Creative Destruction in Economics: Nietzsche, Sombart, Schumpeter. The European Heritage in Economics and the Social Sciences, 55–85. doi:10.1007/978-0-387-32980-2_4

Freeman, C. (2003). A Schumpeterian Renaissance? SEWPS SPRU, 22.

Freeman, C., Clark, J., Soete, L. (1982). Unemployment and Technical Innovation. a Study of Long Waves and economic Development. London: Pinter.

Bell, M., Pavitt, K. (1993). Technological Accumulation and Industrial Growth: Contrasts Between Developed and Developing Countries. Industrial and Corporate Change, 2(1), 157–210. doi:10.1093/icc/2.1.157

Christensen, C. M., Raynor, M. E. (2008). Innowacje. Napęd wzrostu. Warszawa: Studio Emka, 328.

Fiedor, B. (1986). Neoklasyczna teoria postępu technicznego próba systematyzacji i krytycznej analizy. Wrocław: Akademia Ekonomiczna.

Diamond, A. M. (2006). Schumpeter’s Creative Destruction: A Review of the Evidence. Journal of Private Enterprise, 22 (1).

Dosi, G., Teece, D. J., Chytry, J. (1998). Technology, Organization, and Competitiveness. doi:10.1093/0198290969.001.0001

Phelps, E. S. (1966). Models of Technical Progress and the Golden Rule of Research. The Review of Economic Studies, 33(2), 133. doi:10.2307/2974437

Phillips, A. (1971). Technology and industry structure. Technology and International Trade. Washington: National Academy of Engineering.

Reinert, E., Daastol, A. (1997). Exploring the Genesis of Economic Innova-tions: The Religious gestalt-switch and the duty to invent as preconditions for economic growth. European Journal of Law and Economics, 4(2/3), 233–283. doi:10.1023/a:1008631410924

McCraw, T. K. (2007). Prophet of Innovation: Joseph Schumpeter and Cre-ative Destruction. Harvard UP, 719.


Copyright (c) 2016 Robert Ciborowski

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2504-5571 (Online), ISSN 2504-5563 (Print)