CHRISTIAN EDUCATION OF THE RULER IN THE VISIGOTHIC KINGDOM

Maksym Saibekov

Abstract


The article is devoted to the educational model of the outstanding European thinker of the 7th century, Isidore of Seville, with the principles of the education of the ruler and the class approach to the problem of teaching, with the content of the renovation pedagogy of the episcopal Gispal school of the VI-VIII centuries, its place in the evolution of the formation of Western European education. The article is dedicated to the problem of knowledge reception and work with the textbook during the «Dark Ages» in Visigothic Kingdom. An attempt is made to illustrate the process of reading through the reflection of this process in the creative heritage of Isidore of Seville (VII century). Therefore, our article is devoted to Visigoth Spain in VI-VII centuries, namely the formation of political, legal, moral and value concepts. Especially we pay attention to the image of the ideal ruler in the works of Isidore of Seville, Braulio of Zaragoza. We are trying to determine who should be the ideal ruler, and it is important to political and legal representation of the Visigoths, at a time when their culture reached its climax, absorbing the ancient traditions and world views. Isidor of Seville developed his own system of science independent learning for students, which has not lost its relevance today: a material, given by a tutor for independent learning, must be checked by parts, then each of these parts are translated out loud, and then the most important material was being selected from each part and as a result it is compiled into a student's report. Therefore, the place that Isidor occupies in the culture of his time is a key in the combination of two eras, and his educational program is thoroughly disclosed based on his main “pedagogical” texts.

Keywords


education; apprentice; tutor; mentor; pedagogy

References


Braulion of Zaragoza. Izbrannye pisma (2011). Moscow: SOIUZNIK, 64.

Pikov, G. G. (2000). Renovacionnaia pedagogika Karolingskogo Vozrozhdeniia i pedagogicheskie idei Alkuina. Istoriia i sotsiologiia kultury. Istoriia i sotsiologiia obrazovaniia. Novosibirsk: NSU, 32–81.

Bezrogov, V. G., Varyash, O. I. (1994). Pedagogika Srednevekovia. Antologiia pedagogicheskoi mysli khristianskogo Srednevekovia. Moscow: Eurasia, 11–28.

Kharitonov, L. A. (2006). Isidor Sevilskii. Istoriko-filosofskaia drama v semi episodiiakh s prologom i eksodom. Moscow: Eurasia, 352.

Ukolova, V. I. (1989). Antichnoe nasledie i kultura rannego Srednevekovia. Moscow: Nauka, 320.

De natura rerum liber. Ed. G. Becker. B. (1857). (1985). Sotsial'no-politicheskoye razvitiye stran Pireneyskogo poluostrova pri feodalizme. Moscow, 136–153.

Fontaine, J. (1959). Isidore de Séville et la culture classique dans l’Espagne wisigothique. Paris: Études augustiniennes, 1013.

Hillgarth, J. N. (1983). The Position of Isidorian Studies: A Critical Review of the Literature: 1936–1975. Estratto dagli Studi Medievali, XXIV, II.

Lozano, S. F. J. (1982) San Isidoro de Sevilla: Teología del pecado y la conversión. Burgos.

Barney, S. A., Lewis, W. J., Beach, J. A., Berghof, O. (2006). The Etymologies of Isidore of Seville. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: http://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511482113

Castro Caridad, E., Peña Fernández, F. (2012). Isidoro de Sevilla. Sobre la fe católica contra los judíos. Sevilla: Universidad de Sevilla, 188.

Jones, P. (2006). Patron saint of the internet (Review of The Etymologies of Isidore of Seville). Cambridge University Press.

Dillon, M. (1978). Early Irish literature. Chicago: Univ. Press.

Dodsleu, R. A. (1998). Select a collection of old English plays. Strassburg: Black.

Isidore of Seville. Etimologii, ili Nachala (2006). Saint Petersburg: Eurasia, 352.

Volkov, A. A. (2016). Bishop Isidore of Seville and his treatise De ecclesiasticis officiis as a source of information about the liturgical tradition of the Ancient Church. Khristianskoe chtenie, 4, 139–153.

Vorontsov, S. A. (2015) Isidor Sevil'skiy v istoriko-filosofskom kontekste. Moscow: MGU im. M. V. Lomonosova, 230.

Fokin, A. R. (2011). Isidor Sevilskii. Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia. Moscow: The Church and Science Center “Pravoslavnaia enciklopediia”, 224–238.

Krinitsyina, E. S. (2011). Predstavleniia o sude i pravosudii v Toledskom korolevstve VII veka. Iuridicheskie zapiski, 24 (1), 32–38.

Marshall, P. K.; Marshall, P. K. (Ed.) (1983). Introduction. Isidorus Hispalensis. Etymologiae II. Rhetoric. Paris: Les belles lettres, 183.

Throop, P. (2005). Isidore of Seville's Etymologies. Charlotte: MedievalMS, 2 vols.

Saint Gregory the Great. Pastyrskoe pravilo. Moralnye besedy, na knigu Iova (2006). Moscow: Eurasia, 306.

Throop, P. (2012). Isidore's Synonyms and Differences. (a translation of Synonyms or Lamentations of a Sinful Soul, Book of Differences I, and Book of Differences II). Charlotte: MedievalMS, 262.

Vestgotskaia pravda (1999). Available at: http://www.vostlit.info/Texts/Dokumenty/Spain/VII/Westgot_recht/text1.htm

Brehaut, E. (1912). An encyclopedist of the Dark Ages: Isidore of Seville. New York: Columbia University, Longmans, Green & Co., agents; L.: P. S. King & Son, 274.

Ziolkowski, V. P. (1982). The De Fide Catholica contra Iudaeos of Saint Isidorus, Bishop, Book 1. Saint Louis University.

Shachtman, N. (2002). Searchin' for the Surfer's Saint. Available at: https://www.wired.com/2002/01/searchin-for-the-surfers-saint/

Herren, M.; James, E. (Ed.) (1980). On the Earliest Irish Acquaintance with Isidore of Seville. Visigothic Spain: New Approaches. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 243–250.

Henderson, J. (2007). The Medieval World of Isidore of Seville: Truth from Words. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 232.

Englisch, B. (1994). Die Artes liberales im frühen Mittelalter. Stuttgart, 494.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21303/2504-5571.2020.001209



Copyright (c) 2020 Maksym Saibekov

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2504-5571 (Online), ISSN 2504-5563 (Print)