Background of human capital development in the context of forming the economy of knowledge

Tetiana Iankovets

Abstract


The general definition of human capital has been given, the most important factors of influence on it regardless of the hierarchical level of the economic system, namely education and health, have been indicated in the article.
The stages of the human capital development from the basic to the innovative one have been identified and the important internal human factors that can be influenced from the outside, reinforcing them, which will influence the increase of the level of human capital have been emphasized.
The Global Human Capital Report of the World Economic Forum in 2017 has been analyzed in order to identify the place of Ukraine and its determinants, as compared to countries, the highest level of human capital in the world. This allowed identifying the problems of human capital development in Ukraine and the corresponding directions of their overcoming. The main problems include: lowering the welfare and quality of life of the population; departure of highly skilled specialists abroad; the reduction of employment opportunities in the specialty due to the low qualification and inconsistency of the received education with the demanded occupations in the labor market, which are changing on a global scale. To overcome these problems, it is important to create certain preconditions at different hierarchical levels of the economic system in the context of the knowledge economy formation. At macro level, the prerequisites for the human capital development include: implementation of measures to overcome corruption; the revival of morality and the general culture of society; creation of a favorable innovation climate and an innovative culture of the country's population; maintenance of domestic commodity producers; development and implementation of effective intellectual property rights protection instruments at the legislative level. On the meso-level, such preconditions are: the development of higher and special vocational education in the branch directions; development of innovation infrastructure; distribution of clusters for business development; the maintenance of domestic commodity producers. At micro level, the above-mentioned prerequisites include: scientific approach to the organization of work; modern quality and efficient management system and relevant organizational structure and system of labor motivation and stimulation; introduction of innovative approaches, methods, tools in all areas of activity.

Keywords


economy of knowledge. human capital. human capital development. entrepreneurship. human capital development stages. innovative human capital

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21303/2504-5571.2018.00572



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