PREVENTIVE POTENTIAL OF A CITY TERRITORIAL COMMUNITY CONCERNING SOCIAL ORPHANHOOD PREVENTION

Larysa Kal'chenko

Abstract


In the article the author reveals such concepts as “territorial community of a city”, “preventive potential”, “social capital”, “resourceful environment of a territorial community” in the context of social orphanhood prevention. Also in the research is presented author's interpretation of the concept of "territorial community of a city" as a complex self-manageable social system of self-organizing local communities (city quarters, areas of a big city etc.), members of which are individuals, governmental and non-governmental social organizations, non-commercial social organizations, neighborhoodhood groups and other microstructures united by common interests, goals and activity for treating own needs (everyday life, habitat, leisure time, education, communication) and localizations of possible of social risks, also solving of a problems of a territory.
Characteristic features and features of effective functioning of territorial community are defined, among which are the following: presence of individual (separated members of a community) and collective subjects (network of public and governmental organizations, social groups, neighborhoodhood unions etc.), their activity and degree of involvement in solving problems, character of interaction and permanence of connections between subjects (network of social interaction), availability of necessary resources of territorial community (as institutional, human, spiritual, time, material, administrative ones), territorial-cultural specificity of a community.
In the article the author defines subjects of a community, which have preventive potential (resource) concerning social orphanhod prevention in a territorial community of a city. The author also justifies the importance of creation of a resourceful environment of a territorial community of a city for prevention of family discomfort and neglection as well as homelessness of children, defines techniques of active involvement of community residents into solving of social problems including social orphanhood. Author also reveals forms and methods of activation of a community for social orphanhood prevention.

Keywords


territorial community of a city; social orphanhood prevention; subjects of a community; preventive potential

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21303/2504-5571.2018.00798



Copyright (c) 2018 Larysa Kal'chenko

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