GEOPOLITICAL ASPECTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF A TRANSBOUNDARY MULTI-RELIGIOUS ETHNOCONTACT REGION

Ivan Kostaschuk, Yurii Bilous, Vladyslav Navolskyi

Abstract


The peculiarities of the formation of the main geopolitical strategies for the development of the transboundary, ethnocontact region have been revealed and the detailed analysis of the development of geopolitical factors during the Independence period of Ukraine has been carried out. The Chernivtsi region is a demonstrative example of such a region, in which representatives of many nationalities live (Ukrainians, Romanians, Moldovans, Russians and others), and also the territories inhabited by Ukrainians, Romanians and Moldovans encounter here, which makes it possible to characterize the region as ethnocontact.
The results of the conducted study reveal a new vision of the problems of relations in the Chernivtsi region with representatives of the most numerous national groups of the population, including Ukrainians, Romanians, Moldovans and Russians, as well as prospects for further interethnic and interstate relations.
As a result of the application of various research methods, the typification of the administrative divisions of the Chernivtsi region based on the stability of the geopolitical factors of their development has been carried out, the chronology of the development of interstate relations between Ukraine and Romania, and the emergence of ideas of various types of separatism (territorial, religious, political, etc.) have been analyzed, as well as the recommendations to various state and local authorities concerning preservation and increase of such their sustainability have been developed. It was established that the main factors of the formation of the geopolitical situation in the region under study include ethnic, linguistic, religious, socio-economic, cultural, educational, historical-geographical and foreign-policy, and the territorial dependence of the political situation on these factors has been described.
They can be used in the process of working out of various regional development programs and in the strategizing for interstate relations between Romania and Moldova.

Keywords


ethnocontact region; transboundary region; geopolitical situation; semi-ethnic region; multi-religious region; language of instruction

Full Text:

PDF

References


Dzhaman, V. O., Kostashchuk, I. I. (2009). Natsionalna struktura naselennia etnokontaktnykh zon. Chernivtsi: Chernivetskyi nats. un-t, 288.

Kaminska, V. (Ed.) (2003). Natsionalnyi sklad naselennia Chernivetskoi oblasti ta yoho movni oznaky (za danymy Vseukrainskoho perepysu naselennia 2001 roku): statystychnyi dovidnyk. P. I. Chernivtsi, 160.

Dzhaman, V., Zablotovsska, N., Kostashchuk, I., Staryk, V., Khalavka, T. (2011). Etnichna mapa bukovynskoho prykordonnia na zlami tysiacholit. Chernivtsi: Prut, 64.

Dani Viddilu okhorony kulturnoi spadshchyny, natsionalnostei ta relihii upravlinnia kultury Chernivetskoi ODA. Available at: https://bukoda.gov.ua/page/group/152#undefined3

Dani Departamentu osvity i nauky Chernivetskoi ODA. Available at: http://oblosvita.com

Dani Chernivetskoi oblasnoi derzhavnoi teleradiokompanii. Available at: https://bukovyna.tv

Masliak, P. O. (2008). Krainoznavstvo. Kyiv: Znannia, 292.

Dani Departamentu orhanizatsiino-administratyvnoi roboty ta analitychnoho zabezpechennia Administratsii derzhavnoi prykordonnoi sluzhby Ukrainy. Available at: https://dpsu.gov.ua

Kostashchuk, I. I.; Lazhnik, V. Y., Fedoniuk, V. S. (Eds.) (2005). Osoblyvosti natsionalnoi polityky v konteksti intehratsii Ukrainy do YeS (na prykladi Chernivetskoi oblasti). Yevropeiski intehratsiini protsesy i transkordonne spivrobitnytstvo: mizhnarodni vidnosyny, ekonomika, polityka, heohrafiia, istoriia, pravo. Lutsk: RVV „Vezha” Volyn. derzh. un-tu im. Lesi Ukrainky, 445–446.

Legea № 21/1991 a cetățeniei române. Available at: https://lege5.ro/Gratuit/geztmnrrge/legea-nr-21-1991-a-cetateniei-romane

Rishennia No. 8/2000 Rady Yevrorehionu «Verkhnii Prut» «Pro priorytetni sfery ekonomichnoi ta sotsialnoi diialnosti v Yevrorehioni «Verkhnii Prut». Available at: http://www.bukoda.gov.ua/page/evroregion-verkhnii-prut

Maritime Delimitation in the Black Sea (Romania v. Ukraine). Judgement. Availablr at: http://www.icj-cij.org/en/case/132/judgments

Zakon Ukrainy «Pro osnovy natsionalnoi bezpeky Ukrainy», pryiniatyi Verkhovnoiu radoiu Ukrainy 19.06.2003 r., zi zminamy ta dopovnenniamy vid 23.12.2014 r. Available at: http://zakon4.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/964-15




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21303/2504-5571.2018.00811



Copyright (c) 2018 Ivan Kostaschuk, Yurii Bilous, Vladyslav Navolskyi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2504-5571 (Online), ISSN 2504-5563 (Print)