THE INFLUENCE OF TECHNOLOGICAL FACTORS ON THE PROPERTIES OF BASALT FIBER WHEN USED IN THE MANUFACTURE OF FLEXIBLE HEAT AND SOUND INSULATING PRODUCTS

Oksana Berdnyk

Abstract


Analysis of energy efficiency and operational safety of technological equipment of industrial enterprises, engineering networks, buildings and structures, building structures in many sectors of the economy, including the housing and industrial sectors, causes interest in the use of high-tech, environmentally friendly heat and sound insulation materials with enhanced performance properties. One of the relevant representatives of these materials is basalt fibers and their use as raw materials in the production of flexible heat and sound insulating products.

It is known that the chemical composition of the initial melt equally affects the physicochemical and mechanical properties of basalt fibers. The main influence factors, including the chemical composition, are the thermal past of the melt, the method for producing basalt fiber and the conditions for the formation of its structure. These factors determine the structural characteristics of the fiber and, as a consequence, its physicochemical characteristics. The degree of fiber strength is directly determined by its chemical composition and production method. The greatest strength of the fiber is obtained by ensuring the perfect fiber structure in the absence of ruptures of siliceous chains.

Keywords


microporous basalt fiber; modification; basalt melt; low-temperature basalt melt

Full Text:

PDF

References


Gots, V., Palchik, P., Berdnyk, O. (2018). Effect of acid solutions on the formation of the structure of basalt fiber. Energy-efficienсy in civil engineering and architecture, 10, 96–101.

Gots, V., Palchyk, P., Berdnyk, O. (2018). Investigation of properties of modified basalt fibers. EUREKA: Physics and Engineering, 4, 43–48. doi: https://doi.org/10.21303/2461-4262.2018.00673

Gots, V. I., Palchik, P. P., Amelina, N. O., Berdnyk, O. U. (2018). Development of scientific conformities to law of creation of continuous basaltic fibres with set teksturnoy by description. Naukovyi visnyk budivnytstva, 92 (2), 207–214.

Thomas, S., Kuruvilla, J., Malhotra, S. K., Goda, K., Sreekala, M. S. (Eds.) (2012). Polymer Composites. Wiley. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/9783527645213

Hoto, R., Andrés, J., Cabillic, B., Gascón, L., García, J. A. (2011). Optimization of mechanical properties of basalt woven/APA-6 composite parts by means of velocity control. Proceedings of the 18ICCM.

Song, J., Liu, J., Zhang, Y., Chen, L., Zhong, Y., Yang, W. (2014). Basalt fibre-reinforced PA1012 composites: Morphology, mechanical properties, crystallization behaviours, structure and water contact angle. Journal of Composite Materials, 49 (4), 415–424. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998313519484

Sokolinskaya, M. A., Zabava, L. K., Tsybulya, T. M. (1991). Prochnosnye svoystva bazal'tovyh volokon. Steklo i keramika, 10, 8–9.

Mahova, M. F., Dzhigiris, D. D., Gortachev, I. F., Bachilo, T. M. (1980). Issledovanie osnovnyh svoystv rasplavov gornyh porod. Bazal'tovolonistye kompozitsionnye materialy i konstruktsii. Kншм: Naukova dumka, 37–54.

Gromko, B. K., Smirnov, L. N., Trofimov, A. N. et. al. (2001). Gornye porody dlya proizvodstva bazal'tovyh volokon. Bazal'tovoloknistye materialy. Moscow: Invormkonversiya, 54–64.

Darenskyi, V. A., Rychko, V. A. (1973). Vplyv spivvidnoshennia FeO/Fe2O3 na vlastyvosti bazaltovoho rozplavu. Budivelni materialy i konstruktsiyi, 5.

O’Ceallaigh, C., Sikora, K., McPolin, D., Harte, A. M. (2019). The mechano-sorptive creep behaviour of basalt FRP reinforced timber elements in a variable climate. Engineering Structures, 200, 109702. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2019.109702

Jerby, E., Shoshani, Y. (2019). Localized microwave-heating (LMH) of basalt – Lava, dusty-plasma, and ball-lightning ejection by a “miniature volcano.” Scientific Reports, 9 (1). doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-49049-5

Henin, E., Tawadrous, R., Morcous, G. (2019). Effect of surface condition on the bond of Basalt Fiber-Reinforced Polymer bars in concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 226, 449–458. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.07.160

Xu, X., Rawat, P., Shi, Y., Zhu, D. (2019). Tensile mechanical properties of basalt fiber reinforced polymer tendons at low to intermediate strain rates. Composites Part B: Engineering, 177, 107442. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2019.107442

Wang, W., Cheng, Y., Ma, G., Tan, G., Sun, X., Yang, S. (2018). Further Investigation on Damage Model of Eco-Friendly Basalt Fiber Modified Asphalt Mixture under Freeze-Thaw Cycles. Applied Sciences, 9 (1), 60. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/app9010060

Girgin, Z. C. (2018). Effect of slag, nano clay and metakaolin on mechanical performance of basalt fibre cementitious composites. Construction and Building Materials, 192, 70–84. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.10.090

Kharun, M., Koroteev, D. (2018). Effect of basalt fibres on the parameters of fracture mechanics of MB modifier based high-strength concrete. MATEC Web of Conferences, 251, 02003. doi: https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/201825102003

Gong, Y., Bi, H., Tian, Z., Tan, G. (2018). Pavement Performance Investigation of Nano-TiO2/CaCO3 and Basalt Fiber Composite Modified Asphalt Mixture under Freeze‒Thaw Cycles. Applied Sciences, 8 (12), 2581. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/app8122581

Li, L. G., Zeng, K. L., Ouyang, Y., Kwan, A. K. H. (2019). Basalt fibre-reinforced mortar: Rheology modelling based on water film thickness and fibre content. Construction and Building Materials, 229, 116857. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.116857

Shen, D., Li, C., Feng, Z., Wen, C., Ojha, B. (2019). Influence of strain rate on bond behavior of concrete members reinforced with basalt fiber-reinforced polymer rebars. Construction and Building Materials, 228, 116755. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.116755




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21303/2585-6847.2019.001024

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Oksana Berdnyk

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2585-6847 (Online), ISSN 2585-6839 (Print)