ROLE OF PSYCHOLOGICAL PARAMETERS AND ART-DIAGNOSTICS OF ANXIOUS DISORDERS IN CHILDREN AT CHOOSING A TACTICS OF THERAPEUTIC INTERVENTION

Iemiliia Mykhailova, Tetyana Proskurina

Abstract


The article presents the new method of art-therapeutic psychodiagnostics of anxious disorders in children. There are separated formal elements that have a diagnostic importance in differentiation of anxiety and depression in children in the age aspect. There are presented the features of the course of anxious disorders in the age aspect: in children – comorbidity of anxiety with cognitive disorders (neurocognition) and phobias, in teenagers – anxiety with emotional (depression) and behavior disorders (avoiding behavior). It was established, that the constitutional-neuropathic variant of an anxious disorder prevails in children of 7 – 11 years old, and in teenagers – the thymopatic variant of it. There are the separated informative signs of phobic formations that provide the reliable psychopathological differentiation of anxious disorders: dominating type, determining a clinical picture, accessory type, participating in pathoplasty of complicated syndrome complexes and isolated type. There are separated the psychological predictors of the anxiety disorder development in children: infantilism, personal anxiety, poly-accentuation of a character. It was established, that the formation of anxious disorders, regardless of age, is influenced by the pathological type of family relations (disconnected, separated and rigid). In a projective figure of a family a disorder of emotional family connections was diagnosed in most children with anxious disorders. There are established the factors of prediction of an anxious-phobic disorders in children: genetic predisposition and external conditions of this state residual-organic, family (disorders of a family interaction with forming symbiotic relations between a child and an anxious parent) and environmental)). The analysis of the information, obtained in projective figural tests, allowed to differentiate and to systematize graphic signs of anxiety, phobias and depression. It was shown, that the method of art-diagnostics widens possibilities of early detection of disorders of social and cognitive functioning of children with anxious disorders

Keywords


children; teenagers; anxious disorders; situational and personal anxiety; projective figural tests

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21303/2585-663.2017.00452

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ISSN 2585-6634 (Online), ISSN 2585-6626 (Print)