SEMIOTICS OF SIMILES IN ENGLISH POETIC TEXTS OF CANADIAN POETRY

Yana Prosyannikova

Abstract


The article reveals linguistic, cognitive and semiotic characteristics of simile in English poetic texts of Canadian poetry. Cognitive peculiarities of simile are defined via cognitive and semiotic operation of comparison and reconstruction of concepts and conceptual metaphors which underlie it. The cognitive operation of comparison is aimed at obtaining new knowledge as a result of matching homogeneous or heterogeneous comparable entities. Linguocognitive operations of analogical and narrative mapping are derived from the basic cognitive operation of comparison. Linguocognitive operations of attributive, relational, systems mapping are aimed at clarifying the basis of comparison, which establishes the similarity between subject and object of the simile. Semiotic peculiarities are clarified via identification of cultural codes and word-symbols which are represented in subjective and objective parts of similes. Thus, I view simile as a multifunctional linguistic and semiotic construal representing verbal patterns of form and semantic function. Linguistic and semiotic analysis of similes enables their classification into iconic, indexical and symbolic ones. The semiotic classification of similes is premised on the type of semiotic relation that exists between a “sign vehicle” and its meaning. Iconic similes are based on similarity between a sign and its referent, while indexical similes show relations of contiguity. Symbolic similes are differentiated on the basis of conventional pairing of a signified and a signifier within a simile

Keywords


cognitive and semiotic operation of comparison; simile; iconic simile; indexical simile; symbolic simile

Full Text:

PDF

References


Gentner, D., Smith, L.; Ramachandran, V. S. (Ed.) (2012). Analogical reasoning. Encyclopedia of Human Behavior. Oxford: Elsevier, 130–136. doi: 10.1016/b978-0-12-375000-6.00022-7

Holyoak, K. J., Thagard, P. R. (1995). Mental Leaps: Analogy in Creative Thought. Cambridge: The MIT Press/Bradford Books, 320.

Fauconnier, G. (1997). Mappings in thought and language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 205. doi: 10.1017/cbo9781139174220

Belekhova, L. I. (2002). Obraznyi prostir amerykans’koi poezii: lingvokognityvnyi aspect [Image space of American poetry]. Kyiv, 476.

Freeman, M. (2002). Cognitive mapping in literary analysis. Style, 36 (3), 466–483.

CPO – Canadian Poetry Online. Available at: https://canpoetry.library.utoronto.ca/index_poet.htm

Freeman, M.; Chlopicki, W., Pawelec, A., Pokojska, A. (Eds.) (2007). Poetic Iconicity. Cognition in language: volume in honor of professor Elzbieta Tabakowska. Krakow: Tertium, 423–452.

Liszka, J. J. (1996). A general introduction to the semeiotic of Charles Sanders Peirce. Bloomington-Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 147.

Waugh, L. R., Newfield, M. (1986). Iconicity and the Morpheme: Toward a Model of the Lexicon. Massachusetts: Cornell University Press.

De Cuypere, L.; De Cuypere, L., Willems, K. (Eds.) (2008). Introduction. Naturalness and iconicity in language. Amsterdam-Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 1–23. doi: 10.1075/ill.7.03de

Prosyannikova, Ya. M. (2012). Zvukonasliduvannya ta zvukosymvolizm yak zasoby realizaciyi ikonichnosti [Sound imitation and sound symbolism as the ways of iconic actualization]. Naukovi zapysky. Seriya: Filologichni nauky (movoznavstvo) [Scientific papers. Series: Philology (Linguistics)], 105 (1), 558–563.

Tabacowska, E.; Muller, W. G., Fischer, O. (Eds.) (2003). Iconicity and literary translation. From sign to signing: iconicity in language and literature 3. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 361–376. doi: 10.1075/ill.3.24tab

Lapolla, R. J.; Ohala, J., Hinton, L., Nichols, J. (Eds.) (1994). An experimental investigation into phonetic symbolism as it relates to Mandarin Chinese. Sound symbolism. New York: Cambridge University Press, 130–147. doi: 10.1017/cbo9780511751806.010

Haiman, J. (1980). The Iconicity of Grammar: Isomorphism and Motivation. Language, 56 (3), 515–540. doi:10.2307/414448

Givon, T.; Simone, R. (Ed.) (1995). Isomorphism in the Grammatical Code: Cognitive and Biological Considerations. Iconicity in Language. Amsterdam-Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 47–76. doi: 10.1075/cilt.110.07giv

Rohdenburg, G.; Muller, W. G., Fischer, O. (Eds.) (2003). Aspects of grammatical iconicity in English. From sign to signing: iconicity in language and literature 3. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 263–285. doi: 10.1075/ill.3.19roh

Dirven, R., Verspoor, M. (2004). Cognitive exploration of language and linguistics. Amsterdam-Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 278. doi: 10.1075/clip.1

Peirce, Ch. S.; Hartshorne, C., Weiss, P., Burks, A. W. (Eds.) (1931–1958). Collected Papers Vols. 1–8. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Braun, D.; Zalta, E. N. (Ed.) (2001). Indexicals. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Available at: http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2015/entries/indexicals/

Lefebvre, M.; Elkins, J. (Ed.) (2007). The Art of Pointing. On Peirce, Indexicality, and Photographic Images. The Art Seminar: Photography Theory. New York: Routledge, 1–15. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/192769/The_Art_of_Pointing_On_Peirce_Indexicality_and_Photographic_Images


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Yana Prosyannikova

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.