CRITICISM OF RADICAL DIRECTIONS OF ISLAM BY REPRESENTATIVES OF ITS MODERATE STREAMS

Mykola Nesprava

Abstract


The study discovers the problem of criticism and claims of representatives of moderate streams of Islam, manifestations and essence of radical forms of Salafism, especially, radical Jihadism.

The new term “radical Jihadism” in developed Western countries is conditioned by its destructive and dangerous results for the society. Many European and American scientists study the question of appearance and essence of extremist streams of Islam for preventing terrorist attacks. But a position of representatives of other Islam streams is yet little-known and very important in the aspect of the deep view and study of causal connections of Jihadists’ behavior.

The effective fight against manifestations of radical Jihadism is possible only if its preconditions and essence will be studied in detail.

The methodology of the study is in the system analysis of results of studying the problematics by scientists, who are representatives of moderate Islam streams. Among them a sheikh Mohammad Said Ramadan al-Buti – the author of more than thirty books on questions of Muslim theology, philosophy, law and a mufti sheikh Ravil Gainutdin – a professor of Moscow Islamic university, the author of many works on Muslim theology, dogmatics and law.

The result of the study is a conclusion about the exceptional censure of Islam radical streams by Muslim scientists – theologians, based on citing the Koran, historical analysis of the rise of Salafism and its followers, etymology of the word “Islam”, and also the modern interpretation of Islam for economic and geopolitical aims.

Also the main conclusion is a thought that the best background of an idea of representatives of moderate streams in Islam that “Islam” is “peace” would be calming of extremists, who organize terrorist attacks in behalf of Muslims, by their own efforts.


Keywords


criticism; radical Jihadism; Salafism; terroristic act; Islam; salam; islamophobia; peace; salafiti; extremism; moderate streams of Islam

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21303/2613-5647.2018.00629

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